يتكلمون لغة خاصة ويعتزلون المجتمع… غجر بلباس البدو اقلية منسية في المثنى

المنصة – بشير البشير

وسط بادية محافظة المثنى الجنوبية يستقر مجموعة من البدو الذين تعود جذورهم الى الغجر إذ اعتزلوا المجتمع السماوي منذ عشرات السنين هربا من اللوثة التي يشعون بها من كلام الاهالي وهم لا يمتلكون الجنسية العراقية ويعتاشون حسب اصول البداوة القديمة التي قد لا نراها إلا في القصص الدارمية.

لا يختلط هؤلاء البدو بالناس ويعيشون حياة عزلة تامة عن المجتمع وعن التكنلوجيا منذ اجيال فهم لا يمتلكون اجهزة موبايل ولا يعرفون شيئا عن التلفاز وبرامجه، ولا يدينون باي دين ويخشى الكثيرون من الصيادين والاهالي الاقتراب منهم لكن بعضهم اعتاد على ملاقاتهم في رحلات الصيد الفصلية ومنهم الباحث في اصول الانساب حسام العاقولي.

يقول العاقولي ان هذه الاقلية تتنقل من منطقة الى اخرى وسط صحراء السماوة بالقرب من الحدود العراقية – السعودية، ويتتحدثون لغة غريبة لا يفهمها احد فضلا عن ملابسهم التي لا تتواجد بالاسواق وهي من صنع ايديهم، وهم في الغالب يرتدون الزي البدوي الذي يختلط بطراز ملابس الغجر ويعيشون حياة البساطة التي يعيشها البدو في الصحراء ويحيكون ملابسهم بانفسهم ويخيطونها بعد صباغتها ولا يزورون الاسواق العامة من اجل تبضع الملابس والطعام.

اما النساء فيستخدمن اكسسوارات خاصة مصنوعة من الالمنيوم تصدر اصواتا خاصة اثناء السير فيما ينتشر وشما خاصا على وجوههن وايديهن وسيقانهن ترسمه سيدات مسنات يستخدمن فيه رماد الحطب وابر الخياطة فتتلون الاجساد برسوم خاصة ناتجة عن اختلاط االدم الناتج عن الوخز بالابرة بالرماد الناتج عن الحطب لينتج احدى درجات اللون الازرق الغامق.
وبحسب العاقولي تتوشم النساء بعلامات ورسوم محددة ابرزها شكل الهلال والنجمة الذي تستخدمه معظم الواشمات لتزيين اجساد النساء فضلا عن وشم ختم القبيلة التي ينتمين اليها كدلالة لعائدية المرأة الى قبيلة او عائلة محددة.

العاقولي لديه علاقات جيدة بالعديد من العائلات هناك وتناول معهم الطعام مرارا وهو الرجل الوحيد من بين الصيادين الذي يملك مثل تلك العلاقات معهم فيما يتجنبهم باقي الصيادون وينعتونهم بغجر البادية ويقول “يتناول يتناول هؤلاء الغجر حليب الأغنام حصرًا كونه سريع الهضم مع رغيف طازج ويكون عند بزوغ الشمس كوجبة للافطار ومن لا يتناول في هذا الوقت يعتبر مريضًا ويتم علاجه، اما الغداء فيتناولون الأرزمع خمير حليب الماشية، اما العشاء فعادة ما يكون حساء اللحم مع الخبز، وهم يأكلون الخبز طازجًا ولا كلون الخبز البارد”.

ينتقل البدو الغجر بين الحين والاخر بين البوادي باحثين عن طعامهم وطعام اغنامهم غير مكترثين لما قد يحصل لهم وبعضهم لقى حتفه بسبب انفجار الالغام المنتشرة في بادية المثنى منذ حرب عام 1990، لكن مستقرهم الاساسي يكمن في المنطقة الواقعة قرب الحدود السعودية العراقية، وينتقلون في الصيف الى المراعي في شمال العراق هربًا من لهيب الشمس في صحراء السماوة”.

واشارت دراسة بحثية اجراها الباحث في شؤون الانساب والقبائل رائد العامري الى ان اصول هولاء البدو الرحل تعود الى الغجر وانهم انتقلوا الى البوادي بعيدا عن الاحتكاك بالبشر بسبب تعرضهم للتنمر من قبل المجتمع واتهامهم بالسمعة السيئة فاضطروا لهجر المجتمع لعدم احترامه لهم”.
ويضيف العامري ان”هؤلاء البدو هم من المجموعات البشرية التي حاولت الهروب من كوابيس الصورة النمطية التي تحملها ذهنية البشر ضدهم والتي طبعت بصماتها في الخيال الشعبي فراحت تبحث عن وسط مناسب تعيش فيه فاختاروا العزلة”.

ويؤكد انهم “يتحدثون لغة غجرية خاصة بهم وان تلك اللغة هي جزء من هويتهم الضائعة لكنهم يتمسكون بها رغم تعرضها للاندثار إذ تمتد جذورهم الى اواسط اسيا وهذا ما يفسر وجود لغة خاصة بهم يتداولونها بعيداً عن رقابة المجتمع واعتزازا منهم بجذورهم”.

مقالات ذات صلة

‫201 تعليقات

  1. hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical
    points using this site, as I experienced to reload
    the website lots of times previous to I
    could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your
    web host is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will
    often affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if
    advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS
    to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  2. Attractive portion of content. I simply stumbled upon your
    web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts.

    Any way I will be subscribing for your feeds and even I fulfillment you
    get entry to persistently rapidly.

  3. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is required to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% positive. Any tips or
    advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

    my homepage slaveregistry.com

  4. Excellent way of telling, and nice article to take information on the topic of
    my presentation focus, which i am going to convey in college.

  5. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on.
    Any tips?

    Feel free to surf to my website :: Rich

  6. Fascinating blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
    it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my
    blog stand out. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Thank you

    my web page … Bio Shed Keto

  7. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. This is a very well written article.

    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful info.
    Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  8. Hi there, I discovered your web site by way of Google at the same time as looking for a
    related matter, your web site got here up,
    it appears good. I have bookmarked it in my google
    bookmarks.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]Hello there, just was alert to your blog thru
    Google, and located that it is truly informative. I am going to be careful for brussels.
    I will be grateful for those who continue this in future.
    Many folks might be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

    Feel free to surf to my web page – Aizen Power

  9. Hey! I understand this is somewhat off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does operating a well-established website like yours require a lot of work?

    I am brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my diary everyday.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my
    experience and feelings online. Please let me know if you
    have any suggestions or tips for brand new aspiring
    bloggers. Appreciate it!

    My site … Ketorol Review (http://forum.canerildes.com/index.php?action=profile;U=14275)

  10. Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject.
    Basically Wonderful. I’m also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your
    hard work.

    My site; Gold Leaf CBD

  11. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe this amazing site needs much more attention.
    I’ll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the information!

    My web-site: Meghan

  12. Definitely believe that which you said. Your
    favorite justification appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  13. Thanks on your marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you
    could be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will eventually come back from now on. I want to encourage you continue your
    great posts, have a nice day!

  14. Howdy I am so grateful I found your website, I really found you
    by accident, while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless I am here
    now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a remarkable post
    and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to browse it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a lot more, Please do keep up the awesome job.

  15. Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to
    follow you if that would be ok. I’m definitely enjoying your blog
    and look forward to new updates.

  16. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many
    months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to protect against
    hackers?

    Here is my blog: foroagua.com

  17. Merely to follow up on the up-date of this topic on your blog and would wish to
    let you know how much I prized the time you took to
    produce this valuable post. Within the post, you spoke of how
    to truly handle this matter with all ease. It would be my own pleasure to accumulate some
    more ideas from your web-site and come as much as offer other folks what I have learned from you.
    I appreciate your usual excellent effort.

    Here is my web-site: Molten Keto Pills

  18. Somebody essentially help to make significantly articles I would state.

    This is the first time I frequented your web page and up to now?

    I surprised with the analysis you made to create this particular put up extraordinary.

    Wonderful process!

    Feel free to visit my web site Rudy

  19. Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog
    and wanted to mention that I’ve truly loved surfing around your blog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing in your rss feed and I hope you write again very
    soon!

  20. Thank you for your website post. Thomas and I are already saving for a new publication on this
    subject and your short article has made all of
    us to save all of our money. Your notions really answered
    all our inquiries. In fact, more than what we had known before we ran into your great blog.
    I actually no longer have doubts plus a troubled mind
    because you have really attended to the needs in this post.
    Thanks

    My site polywebhost.com

  21. Right here is the right site for everyone who hopes
    to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost tough
    to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a new spin on a subject that’s
    been discussed for decades. Excellent stuff, just excellent!

    Feel free to surf to my page :: bbs.yunweishidai.com

  22. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally,
    it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.

    You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence
    on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?
    quest bars http://j.mp/3jZgEA2 quest bars

  23. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to
    assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for
    some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results.

    If you know of any please share. Cheers! scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  24. Excellent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your
    web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website?

    The account helped me a applicable deal. I have been tiny
    bit familiar of this your broadcast provided vibrant clear concept

    My web page; healthy tips

  25. What i don’t understood is in reality how you’re now
    not really much more neatly-preferred than you may be
    right now. You’re so intelligent. You understand thus significantly relating to this topic, produced
    me in my opinion believe it from so many numerous angles.
    Its like women and men aren’t interested until it is one thing to accomplish with
    Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs outstanding. At all times
    take care of it up!

    My page: carb days

  26. We are a bunch of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our
    community. Your site provided us with useful information to paintings on.
    You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community
    will be thankful to you.

    My web-site: libido pills

  27. hey there and thank you for your info ? I have certainly picked
    up something new from right here. I did however
    expertise some technical points using this website, since I experienced to reload
    the web site lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not
    that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement
    in google and could damage your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with
    Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for much more
    of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this again soon..

    Feel free to visit my web page: skin care routine

  28. Thanks for finally writing about > يتكلمون لغة خاصة ويعتزلون المجتمع… غجر
    بلباس البدو اقلية منسية
    في المثنى – المنصة small seeds

  29. You completed certain good points there. I did a search on the theme and found mainly folks will agree with your blog.

    Feel free to visit my web site … Dario

  30. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but
    great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.

    Thanks for great info I was looking for this information for my mission.

    Also visit my website: double hose ac

  31. Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working
    with? I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time deciding
    between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely
    unique. P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

    Here is my web-site … foroagua.com

  32. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by
    him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are incredible!
    Thanks!

    Here is my webpage :: lose fa

  33. Thank you for another fantastic post. The place else may just
    anybody get that kind of information in such
    a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent
    week, and I am on the search for such information.

    My web-site :: eczema remedies

  34. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just
    preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book
    from our local library but I think I learned more from this post.
    I am very glad to see such great information being shared freely
    out there.

    Feel free to surf to my webpage … healthy diet

  35. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you so
    much, However I am experiencing issues with your RSS.

    I don’t understand the reason why I cannot subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody else getting identical RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanx!!

    Visit my site :: http://www.leyi.la

  36. Basically to follow up on the up-date of this issue on your blog and wish to let you know how much I appreciated the time you took to put together this useful
    post. Within the post, you actually spoke on how
    to definitely handle this problem with all ease.
    It would be my own pleasure to get together some more suggestions from your blog and come
    as much as offer other people what I discovered from
    you. Thank you for your usual fantastic effort.

    Here is my homepage … sashaswebpage.com

  37. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this web page regularly, this
    web page is truly pleasant and the viewers are in fact sharing pleasant thoughts.

    Feel free to surf to my web blog :: Lovie

  38. My brother recommended I might like this website.
    He was entirely right. This post actually made my day.

    You cann’t imagine just how much time I had spent for this info!
    Thanks!

    Also visit my web blog :: male orgasm

  39. My spouse and i have been now thrilled Jordan could round up his homework through
    your precious recommendations he made while using
    the blog. It is now and again perplexing to simply find yourself making a gift of secrets which usually people today might have been selling.

    So we understand we now have the website owner to thank
    because of that. Most of the explanations you made, the straightforward web site navigation, the friendships your site make it possible
    to engender – it’s got most astounding, and it is helping our son in addition to our family reason why this article is enjoyable, and that’s truly indispensable.
    Thank you for everything!

    My web-site: Sue

  40. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve take note your
    stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful. I really like what
    you have acquired right here, certainly like what
    you are saying and the way in which during which you say it.
    You’re making it enjoyable and you continue to care for to stay it smart.
    I can’t wait to learn much more from you. That is really a great site.

    my web page; http://www.leyi.la

  41. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you ought to publish more on this issue, it may not be a taboo matter but generally people don’t discuss
    such subjects. To the next! Best wishes!!

    My web page sexy lingerie

  42. I became honored to get a call from my friend when he
    found out the important points shared on your own site. Reading through your
    blog write-up is a real great experience. Thanks again for taking into
    account readers at all like me, and I hope for you the best of success for a professional in this
    arena.

    Also visit my site; Kerrie

  43. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website.
    I am hoping to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well.

    In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated
    me to get my own blog now 😉

    my webpage; rucame.club

  44. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I
    will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back down the road.
    I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great job, have a nice day!

    my webpage – skin care chemical

  45. Excellent weblog here! Additionally your site rather a lot up fast!
    What web host are you the usage of? Can I get your associate hyperlink for your host?

    I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

    Look into my blog post :: healthy life

  46. Fantastic items from you, man. I’ve bear in mind your stuff prior to and you’re simply extremely excellent.

    I really like what you’ve acquired right here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way during which you say it.

    You make it entertaining and you continue to take care of to stay it smart.
    I can’t wait to read much more from you. That is actually a wonderful site.

    Feel free to visit my page forum.l2inogide.com

  47. Hey! I know this is sort of off-topic however I needed to ask.

    Does running a well-established blog such as yours require a lot
    of work? I’m completely new to writing a blog however I do write
    in my journal every day. I’d like to start a blog so I can share my own experience and feelings online.
    Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring
    blog owners. Thankyou!

    my page; growing inside

  48. Excellent goods from you, man. I have take into account
    your stuff prior to and you’re just extremely magnificent.
    I really like what you’ve obtained right here, really like what you are saying and the way in which during which you
    assert it. You are making it entertaining and you continue to take care of to keep it smart.
    I can not wait to learn much more from you. This is actually a great web site.
    https://parttimejobshiredin30minutes.wildapricot.org/ part
    time jobs hired in 30 minutes

  49. Hi, I do think this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to
    revisit yet again since i have book marked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be
    rich and continue to help others.

    Feel free to visit my homepage cheapest travel

  50. I was suggested this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is
    written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble.
    You’re incredible! Thanks!

    Also visit my website; Jorge

  51. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without
    a doubt donate to this excellent blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for
    book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to fresh updates and will share this site with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

  52. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an impatience over that you
    wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  53. Your type is exclusive compared to Others I’ve read through stuff from. Thanks for putting up If you have The chance, Guess I’ll just ebook mark this Site.

  54. This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it.

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.

زر الذهاب إلى الأعلى