صانع الفخار على شط الكوفة: “أشعر هنا بحريتي”

المنصة- حوراء راضي

محسن الكواز “أبو مسلم”، أحد صُناع الفخار في شط الكوفة، ذلك المنخفض الشهير على نهر الفرات، والذي يمثّل قيمة خاصة لصانعي الفخار ولأهالي محافظة النجف.

عندما زرناه في مشغله الذي يبدو أشبه بمعرض للتحف والصناعات التقليدية، كان يعرض للزبائن أشكال مختلفة من الأواني والقدور ويشرح بالتفصيل طريقة استخدام كل واحدة منها، فبعضها مخصص للطبخ وبعضها يستخدم في حفظ المياه، وجزء ثالث للزينة. 

مساحة للإبداع

ينتمي أبو مسلم إلى عائلة “الكواز” النجفية المعروفة بصناعة الفخار، وقد اختار الرجل الخمسيني موقع ورشته في شط الكوفة على نهر الفرات، أحد أشهر المعالم الطبيعية والسياحية في النجف ويعتبره الأهالي متنفساً لهم يقضون فيه أوقات العطل بعيداً عن ضوضاء المدينة.

وبالنسبة له فإن “الطين المستخرج من شط الكوفة هو من أجود أنواع الطين المناسب لصنع الفخار، وقد استخدمه أجدادنا السومريين قبل آلاف السنين وما زالت قطع منه معروضة في متاحف العراق والعالم”.

ولصانع الفخار هذا تاريخ طويل مع مهنته، فقد تعلمها من والده وتعلق بها منذ كان صغيراً. يقول: “كنت وما زلت أحب رائحة الطين الحر.. وصوت الآلة بالنسبة لي يشبه صوت الموسيقى”. 

وعلى الرغم من حصوله على شهادة جامعية إلا أنه فضل البقاء في مهنته “فالوظيفة الحكومية بالنسبة لي سجن يقتل الإبداع.. بينما أشعر هنا بحريتي وبأني قادر خلق أشكال جديدة”.

ولشدة تعلقه بالمهنة، يحرص أبو مسلم على تعليم ولده الصغير كافة أسرارها، “سأعلمه كل شيء وأترك له الخيار في المستقبل.. أن يكمل بها أو أن يلتحق بعمل آخر”، يقول.

يوم من أيام العمل

يستيقظ ابو مسلم فجرٱ هو وولده مسلم البالغ من العمر خمسة عشر عاماً لينطلقا لمكان عملهما حاملين معهما فطورهما البسيط. يضع أبو مسلم ابريق الشاي على طباخ صغير، ويتناولا وجبة الفطور قبل أن يبدأ الزبائن بالتجمع أمام باب المحل. 

يتحرك مسلم بجسد نحيل ناقلاً الأواني الفخارية إلى واجهة المحل في الخارج، ينظف بعضها من بقايا الغبار المتجمع، ثم يتجه نحو أحد الزبائن يشرح له مواصفات إحدى القطع ويتفاوض معه على سعر مناسب للطرفين.  

في هذه الأثناء تصل سيارة محملة بأكياس الطين الذي أوصى أبو مسلم بجلبه من “بحر النجف” أو شط الكوفة، ينقله إلى داخل المشغل بمساعدة ولده ورجل آخر، ثم يجلس خلف آلته ويبدأ بتشكيل قطعة فخارية تبدو كجرة ماء، يزخرفها من الخارج بواسطة سكين، ينقلها إلى الفرن، وينتقل لصنع المزيد من الأواني بحرفيه عالية.

سعادة كبيرة

ليست كل القطع سريعة الإنجاز فبضعها بحسب أبو مسلم يستغرق صنعه عدة أيام، كصناعة تنور الخبز الفخاري، الذي تشتهر به مدينة الكوفة.

 

 

يوزع أبو مسلم وقته بين صنع الأواني الفخارية وبين بيعها. ولا يبدو عليه التعب او الإرهاق إلا حين يقترب من الفرن ذو درجات الحرارة العالية، عندها يبدأ جبينه بالتصبب عرقاً وتبدأ أنفاسه بالتقطع.  

ويكاد لا يخلو يوم من أيام عمل هذا الرجل من زيارة وفود سياحية تأتي من محافظات عراقية أخرى، يشترون بعض القطع الفخارية ويلتقطون صوراً تذكارية معه ومع ولده، خصوصاً أن هذه الصناعة موروث شعبي عراقي يعود لزمن السومريين. 

وعن أكثر ما يسعده في هذه المهنة يقول “أشعر ببهجة كبيرة عندما أنهي عملي ويكون جاهزاً للبيع.. لكني أشهر بسعادة أكبر عندما أزور أحد معارفي وأرى قطعة فخارية صنعتها يداي قبل سنوات طويلة موجودة في منزله وما زالت تحتفظ بجودتها وجمالها”. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

مقالات ذات صلة

‫97 تعليقات

  1. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing problems with your website.
    It appears like some of the text in your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know
    if this is happening to them too? This may be a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Cheers

  2. This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to keep a reader entertained.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved
    to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how
    you presented it. Too cool!

    Feel free to surf to my web site: frun-test.sakura.ne.jp

  3. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?

    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Cheers

    Feel free to visit my homepage: kebe.top

  4. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto
    a friend who had been doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me lunch because I found it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this subject here on your site.

    Also visit my page … http://www.memorytoday.com

  5. Great post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I’m impressed!
    Extremely helpful info specially the closing phase 🙂 I deal with such information a lot.
    I was looking for this certain information for a long time.
    Thank you and good luck.

    Look into my webpage; clubriders.men

  6. Right here is the perfect webpage for anyone who hopes to find out about this topic.
    You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you
    (not that I actually will need to?HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic that has
    been discussed for years. Wonderful stuff, just great!

    Feel free to visit my web blog … mpc-install.com

  7. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally memorable chance to read in detail from here.
    It’s usually so pleasant plus full of a lot of fun for me and my office co-workers to
    search your blog at a minimum 3 times weekly to read the latest tips you have.

    Not to mention, I am also certainly satisfied with your
    splendid solutions you serve. Some 2 tips in this posting are indeed
    the most impressive we have all had.

    Feel free to surf to my web page … https://kebe.top/viewtopic.php?id=1744784

  8. Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been blogging
    for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is wonderful, as well as the content!

    My homepage :: kebe.top

  9. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this site.
    I am hoping the same high-grade site post from you
    in the upcoming as well. In fact your creative writing skills has inspired me to get my own site now.

    Really the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up
    is a good example of it.

    Here is my webpage: saihuo.com

  10. I do not even know the way I stopped up right here,
    however I believed this put up used to be good. I do
    not know who you might be however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger when you are not already.
    Cheers!

    Feel free to visit my web page … mpc-install.com

  11. Hello there, simply was aware of your blog through Google, and found
    that it’s truly informative. I am going to be careful for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate in the event you continue this in future.

    Many folks will likely be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

    My web blog – Arletha

  12. This is the right blog for anybody who wants to find out about this topic.
    You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not
    that I actually would want to?HaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic that has been written about for a long time.
    Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

    Feel free to surf to my web site – mpc-install.com

  13. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
    with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
    new updates.

    Also visit my page; mpc-install.com

  14. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command
    get got an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

    My webpage … LiGenics Reviews

  15. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
    I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    Feel free to surf to my page :: http://www.bonniesdelights.com

  16. You can certainly see your skills in the work you write.

    The sector hopes for even more passionate writers such as you
    who are not afraid to mention how they believe.

    Always go after your heart.

    Here is my site :: Gorges Cream

  17. Hi I am so excited I found your blog page, I really found you by accident, while I
    was looking on Aol for something else, Anyways I am here now and
    would just like to say cheers for a marvelous post and a
    all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through
    it all at the minute but I have book-marked
    it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much more,
    Please do keep up the excellent work.

    my blog post Jolt Alpha Ingredients

  18. Please let me know if you’re looking for
    a article author for your blog. You have some really great articles and I believe
    I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the
    load off, I’d love to write some articles for your
    blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an e-mail if interested.
    Thank you!

    Also visit my web blog :: BodyCore Keto

  19. First off I want to say wonderful blog! I had a
    quick question in which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your
    thoughts before writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing my mind in getting
    my thoughts out there. I do enjoy writing but it just seems
    like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually lost simply just trying to figure
    out how to begin. Any ideas or hints? Cheers!

    My web blog … Keto Redux

  20. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact
    enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment
    and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

    Also visit my web blog … Chong

  21. Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is really irritating.
    A good web site with interesting content, that’s what I
    need. Thanks for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it.

    Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

    Also visit my site – Pellamore

  22. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your website?
    My blog is in the very same niche as yours and my visitors would definitely benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you. Thanks a lot!

  23. hello!,I like your writing so so much! share we communicate extra about your article on AOL?
    I require an expert on this area to solve my problem.
    Maybe that’s you! Having a look forward to see you.

    My website: Pellamore

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.

زر الذهاب إلى الأعلى