Fanatic Parties and Biased Media…23 Years of Societal Division and the Situation of “No War No Peace” in Bosnia

After 23 years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and after faltering transitional periods, and failure to prosecute and hold most war criminals and their trafficker politicians accountable, with economic difficulties, political coups and administrative complications, and a thorny constitution that divides powers between constituents in a way that restricts start-up, reintegration and construction,

Waleed Dezinoo who was a journalist and correspondent during the war and covered many of its devastating chapters. He covered the experience of war and the reconstruction of peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina coupled with the weaknesses and failures in the management of the state and society, despite the fragile peace and relative stability achieved.

Waleed who has worked in education sector for about 45 years says that “He witnessed for two decades the struggles of politicians, and the pain and complications of components emerging from the battles of genocide and marginalization, which left more than 100 thousand dead, and looking forward to coexistence, justice and democracy:

– A quarter of a century has passed after the bloody conflict and the years of infighting between the three components of Bosnia. Many shocking facts, complex events and political upheavals have taken place since then. After all this time, and in the course of the war the Serbian leaders said that they were trying to control all of Bosnia and impose the will of the Serbs with the use of force, killing and intimidation on the rest of the components of Muslims and Croats. They have lost their minds and lost their balance so as not to remember and or confuse the facts.

– We had to write everything accurately, we had to carefully collect and to write stories of battles and annihilation. We had to document the facts with all honesty, and record the statements and movements of political leaders, also record the stories of victims of war .. We did not do that except for a few times .. After years lots of facts were lost and facts have been distorted and many criminals have escaped  being held accountable. Those are the people who control us today through their positions and their money. But of course there are things that can not be forgotten.

The Criminals have become leaders

Waleed adds and comments on the failure of the state in its qouta-based institutions, also highlights the imposition of transitional justice and the failure to hold many criminals and corrupt people accountable for achieving community peace:

– After a few years of the war, some criminals have been released from prison and went to political platforms and they have become leaders in their own areas. After years of committing numerous violations and sentencing them serving prison times, today they have become heroes for many people in the Balkans and they are voted in elections and people celebrate them for their sermons,their slogans and their fanatical positions .. Thus the majoritarian rule prevails at the hands of criminals and against the victims.

– Journalists and activists like politicians bear responsibility and are part of the failures to completely overcome the stage of conflict and achieve the reintegration of the peoples of Bosnia … The lack of courage among many journalists and their captivity to the directives of the leaders of their components and financial circumstances with the total control of the conflicting parties to the media, are all part of the failures. As well as the roles of international bodies overlapping their interests, and above all the constitution which is based on the basis of quotas and the division of powers between components.

– The war is still going on, despite the wounds of our physical being, the war continues through our continued division, the divisive continuation of our loyalties and not to address the mistakes of the past and to confront it strongly, and not to face the corrupt people.

– The question we posed with the end of the war in 1996  through international intervention was that we succeeded in ending the war and overcoming its destructive hands. But can we build peace in society?

– After all these years, we are still trying to build peace, amidst our major problems of fragmenting and divisive constitution, political and financial corruption and intolerance.

Fanatic leaders and media that deepen differences

Waleed, criticizing the Dayton constitution imposed by the international community on Bosnia after the war, said it was good for ending the war but not good for peace.

– We have many problems in the Dayton Agreement that imposed peace in Bosnia with international will. Today we have a failed state with restricted institutions and a society where peace is threatened by a transitional justice that is absent or implemented very slowly and not as required and signed in the agreements on Bosnia.

– There are successes such as the cessation of war and the establishment of international tribunals to try their criminals and impose a kind of peace and stability. But the problem is that the regime wanted to turn these courts into a mere piece of paper, so only a few dozen were prosecuted and thousands of others escaped.  This contradicts transitional justice and reconstruction of civil peace.

– We have been living for 23 years in a state of “no war and no peace.” The reason is that we vote for the parties every time, for the media that continues to impose conflicts in this country and deepen conflicts in every opportunity and incident, and remind us of war on every occasion.

– The good ideas that we draw from the experiences of the years of war and beyond in the administration of the state, we ask the authorities, but unfortunately they inter in the one ear and get out of the other one. They do not listen. They only apply what corresponds to their own interests in the survival of division.

– Now and after the war there are attempts to apply democracy after decades of dictatorship, but the fact is that there are only multi-party  rules representing the components. However, there are no real existence of democracy and pluralism, but the same line of unilateral rule and control of power.

Splintering of Journalists

Waleed notes the experience of journalists in Bosnia, the challenges they face and the mistakes they have made as the following:

– During the first half of the war, which lasted from 1992 to 1995, the Bosniacs (Muslims), the Serbs (Orthodox) and the Croats (Catholics) were working together in university media institutions and that pluralism participated in working for a one unified country. But in the second half of the war,  each group preferred to approach and represent its national and religious group.

– The joint and pluralistic work of journalists at the beginning of the war was a cause for hope, but the confinement was what followed. This caused great damage to the discourse of coexistence and civil peace to the media and served as a catalyst for the extremist nationalist discourse that increased the divisions and added fuel to the fire of war.

– At the beginning of the war, in the town where I worked, there were Serbian journalists, Croats and Bosniacs, we worked together to establish newspapers, radio stations and even television stations with self-reliance and help and simple means to defend coexistence. But things changed later, many succumbed to financial requirements, others to national rhetoric.

– The war in Bosnia led to the dismantling of the media environment, to the creation of three different media areas divided into three conflicting parties, each of which has no relation to the other. Even with the end of the war, the division continued, but in another way after the quotas appeared in the media, each component had its share, which created weak and failed media and divided each section to address a specific components.

No option other than trying

Waleed warns of the growing danger of divisions descending into conflicts, in light of the conflict between political leaders driven by their interests and with the corruption and fanatic media discourse, and the rise of the Right parties in Europe:

– Because of the extremist national discourse and the waves of propaganda and rumors in the context of bad national media and the speeches of extremist leaders, social coexistence has been deeply affected and targeted. The families who have lived together and were in loving relationships have looked at each other with suspicion. There were deep distrust as a result of that discourse. Today we see that hope lies in young people and not in our generation. We have no choice but to restore coexistence. We can not achieve any political, administrative or economic progress without restoring that coexistence.

– Yes, the thorny constitution, which was imposed on the people of Bosnia, as well as political conflicts and corruption, stands against the individual efforts of journalists and intellectuals seeking to achieve reform, restoring of coexistence and reconstruction. Perhaps in the future this small circle of voices demanding correction and reform will grow and becomes influential in challenging the powerful leaders and the laws and the Constitution that divides society.

– After the war, journalists were marginalized. Today, police and politicians have a higher status and receive huge salaries, while neutral journalists and journalists who have worked to uncover the facts and who have been deprived of privileges receive low salaries. The politicians and the businessmen are the ones who own and lead the radio and television stations. Half of or %50 of the media stations now belong to the governorates and to the provinces (local governments) and the private ones, all of which are looking to advocates and advance for their own policies, which traverse so much with the re-coexistence among the components.

– I am subjected to multiple arrests, and the police tell me do not be afraid everything will be fine …. I sometimes laugh at them or at myself and just say: “Things were never good … trembling with pain and perhaps fear “I do not I fear anyone I fear only God”.

– After all, we cannot give up. We have no choice but to resist so as not to be part of the destructive divisive speech of the people of Bosnia. We have attempted to rectify the situation in the face of the escalating danger of devastating wars for all in light of the rise of extreme right parties in Europe and intersection of regional and international interests.

Bosnian journalists

– We were fighting for peace and building a just civil state where the laws are respected, but the people responsible for doing so were not in charge and did not do so.

– Unfortunately, the hate speech discourse continues and is likely to lead to violence again. Therefore, this discourse must be confronted firmly and this is not usually the case.

– Press is one of the victims of war, but in the most difficult situation there were journalists who are committed to integrity and impartiality and rejected bad negative publicity. The majority of journalists has entered the spiral of escalation and political propaganda of one party or another and a few remain independent who have been warning and revealing the facts and believing that what is happening is not the right path. .. And in the end you have to choose between being in the ranks of governments, parties and regimes or in the ranks of telling the truth.

– When the war started, my father told me that all the armies were equal, but we will song for the victorious. In the end, life would never return and there would be no singing.

– What has been destroyed in a few years can not be restored in decades … Unfortunately, this is what happened. The cities and villages that were once full of life before the war and which included all the components that coexist among themselves, today see it as if it were waiting for death.

– The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has left 30,000 women victims of sexual violence, more than 700 mass graves where more than 30,000 victims have been buried, and out of the country’s 4 million people, there are 100,000 people killed. There is a heartbreaking tragic story in every house. Despite all of these, we are still striving for peace. As there is no alternative to peace and coexistence.

– We have no choice but confrontation. The evil guys during the war continue their march without stopping.

* The article is part of the material of the workshop organized by International Media Support (IMS) in coordination with the Association of Journalists of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo, for Iraqi and Syrian media and activists, including journalists in the NIRIJ network for investigative report focusing on the lessons of the Bosnian Civil War and the transitional period, The role of the media during the two periods of war and the reconstruction of peace.

Related Articles


  1. Pretty element of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your
    weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your feeds or even I achievement you get right of entry
    to consistently fast.

  2. Hi there superb website! Does running a blog similar to this take a great deal of work?
    I’ve absolutely no understanding of computer programming but I was hoping to start my
    own blog in the near future. Anyways, should you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off subject nevertheless I simply wanted to ask.
    Appreciate it!

  3. Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to understand a lot approximately
    this, like you wrote the e book in it or something.
    I feel that you could do with a few percent to force the message house a
    little bit, but instead of that, this is wonderful blog.
    A fantastic read. I will definitely be back.

  4. I’ll immediately snatch your rss as I can not find your
    email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you’ve any?

    Kindly permit me understand in order that I could subscribe.


  5. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different
    web address and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you.

    Look forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.

  6. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely
    donate to this brilliant blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and
    adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and
    will talk about this blog with my Facebook group.
    Talk soon! quest bars quest bars

  7. Right here is the right web site for anyone who wants to find out about this topic.
    You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa).

    You certainly put a new spin on a subject which has been discussed
    for years. Excellent stuff, just great! ps4 games ps4

  8. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely helpful and it has aided me out loads.

    I am hoping to contribute & aid different customers like its helped me.
    Good job.

  9. What’s up to all, how is the whole thing,
    I think every one is getting more from this site,
    and your views are good for new users.

  10. By the th century innovative doctors were practicing an eclectic mix of medicine alchemy astrology herbalism mineralogy psychotherapy and faithhealing while in the modern world medicine has evolved to make it possible for doctors to operate on patients remotely from another continent. does plaquenil cause hair loss

  11. Before taking furosemide tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies. Plaquenil Rlkxyf Buy Synthroid From Canada

  12. Greetings! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make
    your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when browsing from my iphone.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this problem.
    If you have any recommendations, please share.
    With thanks!

  13. Neat blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it
    from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple tweeks
    would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design. Thank you

  14. This design is steller! You definitely know how to keep a reader entertained.

    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Great
    job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that,
    how you presented it. Too cool!

  15. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could
    add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  16. I used to be suggested this web site by way of my cousin. I’m now not positive whether or not this put up is written via him
    as nobody else realize such detailed about my difficulty.
    You’re wonderful! Thank you!

  17. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very useful information specifically the last
    part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this certain info for a long time.

    Thank you and good luck.

  18. These are truly impressive ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some pleasant points here. Any
    way keep up wrinting.

  19. This previous two years I certainly first started listening to politics, policies plus the candidates I am considering voting for. That’s the key reason why I am supporting Joe Collins and his bid for Congress during this approaching voting season. Joe Collins 3 is exactly the kind of congressional candidate everyone ought to back. The guy spent thirteen years in the Navy safeguarding our rights & freedoms. Now he is running for U.S. Congress to safeguard our individual communities and he is bringing brand-new ideas and unsullied energy within your politics. Joe is battling for issues I are close to my heart like enhancing our children’s education and learning & protecting my town from unsuccessful Democratic Party laws. Furthermore, Joe Collins wants to bring back quality employment raise financial empowerment and combat homeless which are undoubtedly critical to me too. We must drain the swamp make a $90 dollar donation today to Joe Collins 3 for Congress like I do so that we can get his information out and be the victor this US congressional race.

  20. You’re so awesome! I don’t believe I’ve truly read through anything like this before.
    So great to find another person with a few genuine thoughts on this topic.
    Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is needed on the web, someone with a little originality!

  21. Hi there to every one, the contents existing at this website are actually awesome for people experience, well,
    keep up the good work fellows.

  22. What i do not understood is actually how you are no longer really much more neatly-favored than you may be now.
    You’re so intelligent. You realize thus significantly relating to this subject, made me personally imagine it from
    a lot of numerous angles. Its like men and women don’t seem to be fascinated unless it is something to do with Woman gaga!
    Your individual stuffs outstanding. Always handle it up!

  23. OTS List. One of the largest Open Tibia server bases from around the world. The list was created to make it easier for the owners of OTS to advertise, and thus to win players. Adding a server is completely free, and it brings the expected results – an increase in the number of online players. The website has a very friendly search engine, thanks to which you will find a server for yourself.

  24. you’re actually a excellent webmaster. The website loading pace is
    incredible. It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve performed a wonderful
    task in this matter!

  25. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this
    onto a coworker who was doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually bought me dinner simply because I found it for him…
    lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this matter
    here on your internet site.

  26. This is very attention-grabbing, You’re an overly
    skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and stay up for looking for more of
    your wonderful post. Additionally, I have shared your website in my social networks

  27. First off I want to say excellent blog! I had a quick question which I’d like to
    ask if you do not mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind prior to writing.
    I have had a tough time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.
    I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10 to
    15 minutes are lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints?


  28. Hey would you mind letting me know which web host you’re utilizing?

    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker
    then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a honest
    price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!

  29. Hi there, I found your website by means of Google whilst looking for
    a related topic, your site got here up, it appears to be like
    good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just become alert to your weblog via Google, and found
    that it’s really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful if you happen to proceed this in future.
    Numerous people might be benefited from your writing.


  30. Just want to say your article is as surprising. The clarity for your put up is simply
    excellent and i can think you are an expert on this subject.

    Well with your permission let me to take hold of your feed
    to keep updated with impending post. Thanks one million and please
    keep up the gratifying work.

  31. Hi, I think your blog might be having browser
    compatibility issues. When I look at your blog site
    in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, fantastic blog!

  32. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up and
    let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and
    both show the same outcome.

    Also visit my webpage … raycon

  33. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to
    mention that I have truly loved browsing your weblog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing in your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  34. There exists a man running for Legislature in California called Mr. Collins that wishes to give a 25 boost in compensation for lecturers and resolve our education and learning system! Our universities are jammed, our lecturers are over-worked, and our children are falling back. Collins Education and learning effort claims it’s going to fund to reconstruct our institutions, reduce some of the class sizes, boost investment for special education programming and Probably none of these other regretful legislators have blueprints to help our students, we have to give this guy a opportunity! Joe’s web page is Look him up

  35. Встаю я утром вместе с солнцем и иду в свой
    лесок, где мне рубят дрова. Там, проверяя работу предыдущего дня,
    я провожу час-другой с дровосеками, у которых всегда имеются какие-нибудь нелады с соседями или между
    собой… Из лесу я иду и фонтану, а оттуда – на птичью
    ловлю. Под мышкою у меня всегда книга:
    или Данте, или Петрарка, или кто-нибудь
    из менее крупных поэтов – Тибулл, Овидий, другие.

    Читаю про их любовные страсти, про их любовные переживания, вспоминаю
    о своих. Эти думы развлекают меня
    на некоторое время. Потом прохожу на дорогу, в остерию, разговариваю с
    прохожими, расспрашиваю, что нового у
    них на родине, узнаю разные вещи,
    отмечаю себе разные вкусы и разные мнения
    у людей. Психологичные фильмы.

  36. There is noticeably a package to find out about this. I think you made certain good factors in functions additionally.

  37. I think this is one of the most significant info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The web site style is ideal, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  38. I’m thoroughly captivated by the keen analysis and stellar writing style. The knowledge you share clearly stands out in every piece you write. It’s evident that you invest a great deal of effort into understanding your topics, and that effort does not go unnoticed. We appreciate your efforts in sharing such valuable insights. Continue the excellent job!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button